In the Indian state of Uttarakhand, in the town of Badrinath, is the Hindu shrine known as Badrinath or Badrinarayan Temple, which is devoted to Lord Vishnu. The town and temple are among the four pilgrimage locations that make up the Chota Char Dham. The temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams, or places of devotion, for Lord Vishnu, also known as Badrinath. The holy land of Lord Vishnu pertains to the Chota Char Dham Yatra in Uttarakhand and is situated between the Nar and Narayan peaks. Badrinath is the final and most renowned stop on the pilgrimage journey of the Garhwal Himalayas, which begins with Yamunotri, Gangotri, and Kedarnath. The temple is believed to have been established by Adi Guru Shankaracharya in the 8th century and has since then undergone several renovations and restorations. The templ’s architecture is in the North Indian style with gold plated entrance, and intricate carvings an sculptures.

Badrinath Temple, also known as Badrinarayan Temple, is situated at an altitude of about 3000 metres (10279 feet) above sea level, Alaknanda river flows near this Dham. Every year, lakhs of devotees come from all across the country as well as from abroad to visit these pilgrimage sites, which makes them a major religious centre in northern India. This temple remains open only for about 6 months in a year, due to the heavy snow in winters, it becomes impossible to go here. Mana village is around 3 km from Badrinath temple, which is the last village on Indo-Tibet border in this region. Bheem pul is also located near this village, it is believed that this is the place from where the pandvas began their journey to heaven (swargarohini). To cross the river Bheem lifted a huge rock and put it between the ravine.


According to the history of the Badrinath shrine, the presiding deity here is a black stone statue of Lord Vishnu known as Badrinarayan that is about 1 metre tall. The picture is allegedly one of the eight Swayam Vyakta Kshetras, in which Lord Vishnu is shown to be an automorphic form.

As far as the past of this location is concerned, it is believed that Lord Vishnu visited this location in search of a serene, divine location to meditate. The Lord Vishnu was totally unaware of his body and the biting cold that had gripped the area because He was so absorbed in his meditation.

Lord Vishnu was cared for by Goddess Lakshmi, who remained by his side the entire time. She assumed the shape of a Badri tree to shield Lord Vishnu from the worst weather conditions. Indian dates or jujube are other names for the Badri Tree. Lord Vishnu gave this location the name Badrikashram after being moved by devotion of Goddess Lakshmi’s.

According to historical reports, there were once many Badrika trees in this area. These plants, however, are no longer present today. The two sons of Dharam, Nar and Narayana, were said to frequently visit the Badrinath Ashram, according to the Vishnu Purana. In reality, Lord Vishnu manifested as humans as Nara and Narayan. To build their hermitage, Nar and Narayan were looking for the perfect location. They found springs next to the Alaknanda River that were both hot and cold. They gave the location the name Badri Vishal and then built their ashram there to promote religion.


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